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The art market will become trustworthy only when the art lover becomes a connoisseur and, as envisaged by the law, demands a valid certificate.In the past, when called on to appraise and attribute a painting, art experts examined only the surface under natural light.
The bitch has to be teached to serve and desire her husband!Any incompatibility between the measured ages and information on the presumed author reveals to the owner, before he seeks an expert opinion, that he has acquired one of the myriad recent copies in circulation.Icons are a telling example of how stylistic considerations alone are not sufficient to establish the date of a painting.A careful preliminary examination of the edges brought to light the presence of a set of new nails, whilst there are numerous free holes left by preceding nails.It was noted in particular that in the case of the two side strips making up the stretcher there is a perfect correspondence between the holes currently present in the canvas and the holes in the underlying stretcher.Attached please find photos of the two sides with a red arrow showing the holes in the canvas which match those in the stretcher underneath (photos no.2, no.3 and no.4).
Having thus ascertained that at least the two side strips of the stretcher are unquestionably original and coeval with this painting, we proceeded to date them scientifically.
Wood's light and monochromatic lights permit an evaluation of the extent to which the painting has been restored, touched up and overpainted, as well as the identification of various fluorescent substances.7, 8 e 9 - Infrared reflectography permits an in-depth examination of the painting bringing to light underdrawings or grids, pentimenti, the depth of the craquelure, and identification of restoration work or the use of different materials.
IR spectroscopic analysis permits the analysis of various materials to ascertain their compatibility with the presumed historic period: pigments, binders, glues and varnishes. The laboratory also digitalizes images obtained by the various techniques, carries out examinations under reflected and raking light, and performs microchemical analyses.
In detail: 1) with the spectroscopic dating of the wooden stretcher once proved its originality 2) with stereo microscopic analyses for the study of the painting layer: the drying of the paint binder, the craquelure, the sign left by the stretcher, etc.
3) with Woods Light and microscope for the examination of restored areas 4) with IR-Reflectography for the examination of the deepest painting layers 5) with microscope, Woods Light and reflectography in order to verify the material uniformity and the ageing of the signature 6) with IR-Spectroscopy for establishing the pigments used and examining the drying of the paint binder attempt to determine the authenticity of a painting must begin with tests and analyses to establish whether the age of the painting and the materials and techniques used are compatible with the presumed date of execution.
Her perverse sexuality has to be turned to normal by further painful lessons.