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02-Sep-2016 23:13 by 8 Comments

Savoy cork speed dating

There is not a shadow of evidence to support this theory of priestly advisers coaching Joan in a part, but much which contradicts it.

Born at Domremy in Champagne, probably on 6 January, 1412; died at Rouen, 30 May, 1431.From the beginning a strong party at the court -- La Trémoille, the royal favourite, foremost among them -- opposed her as a crazy visionary, but a secret sign, communicated to her by her voices, which she made known to Charles, led the king, somewhat half-heartedly, to believe in her mission.What this sign was, Joan never revealed, but it is now most commonly believed that this "secret of the king" was a doubt Charles had conceived of the legitimacy of his birth, and which Joan had been supernaturally authorized to set at rest.She reached Chinon on 6 March, and two days later was admitted into the presence of Charles VII.To test her, the king had disguised himself, but she at once saluted him without hesitation amidst a group of attendants.Michael (who was accompanied by other angels ), St. Anatole France, to explain these voices as the result of a condition of religious and hysterical exaltation which had been fostered in Joan by priestly influence, combined with certain prophecies current in the countryside of a maiden from the bois chesnu (oak wood), near which the Fairy Tree was situated, who was to save France by a miracle.

But the baselessness of this analysis of the phenomena has been fully exposed by many non-Catholic writers.There was made for her at the same time a standard bearing the words Jesus, Maria , with a picture of God the Father, and kneeling angels presenting a fleur-de-lis.But perhaps the most interesting fact connected with this early stage of her mission is a letter of one Sire de Rotslaer written from Lyons on 22 April, 1429, which was delivered at Brussels and duly registered, as the manuscript to this day attests, before any of the events referred to received their fulfilment.The Maid, he reports, said "that she would save Orléans and would compel the English to raise the siege, that she herself in a battle before Orléans would be wounded by a shaft but would not die of it, and that the King, in the course of the coming summer, would be crowned at Reims, together with other things which the King keeps secret." Before entering upon her campaign, Joan summoned the King of England to withdraw his troops from French soil.The English commanders were furious at the audacity of the demand, but Joan by a rapid movement entered Orléans on 30 April. By 8 May the English forts which encircled the city had all been captured, and the siege raised, though on the 7th Joan was wounded in the breast by an arrow.Orléans was invested (12 October, 1428), and by the close of the year complete defeat seemed imminent. It was in vain that she resisted, saying to them: "I am a poor girl; I do not know how to ride or fight." The voices only reiterated: "It is God who commands it." Yielding at last, she left Domremy in January, 1429, and again visited Vaucouleurs.